CRA: COMMUNITY RISK ASSESSMENT

WHY IT IS NEEDED

The goal of the Community Risk Assessment Dashboard (CRA) dashboard is to quickly identify the geographic areas that are most affected by a natural disaster or crisis and, within those areas, the people that are most affected. It forms a data preparedness solution to help reach those affected and most vulnerable faster and more efficiently.

HOW WE DO IT

We collect and integrate all relevant pre-disaster data sources on a detailed geographical level, focusing on indicators inspired by the INFORM risk-framework with three main components:

1: Long-term Hazard Risk (based on historical events):

E.G. Flood & Drought Risk

2: Vulnerability

E.G. Poverty

3: Lack of Coping Capacity

E.G. Distance to nearest hospital

Having all this data readily available and easily accessible before a disaster strikes can save a lot of time.


CRA uses the Inform Framework and applies it to the various admin levels in the country

Where INFORM makes risk comparable across countries, the goal of the 510 CRA Dashboard is to prioritise smaller areas or communities. For this reason we have been adding data sets that refer to the different admin areas per country.

In Malawi, for example, the top admin unit is a District (of which there are 32). In the CRA dashboard you can go down two more admin levels, to TA: Traditional Authorities (of which there are 367) and we are currently updating information on the GVH: Group Village Head (of which there are 9133) and is the lowest admin level in Malawi.

WHERE WE WORK

The scope of the Community Risk assessment dashboard is global. Its using Open Street Map as a base with global open data sources built on top. As our project base grows we will add more countries over time.

Full: For these countries a complete set of indicators has been collected across all risk-components, to give a reliable indication of risk per area. More and better data collection will improve the risk index further.

Basic: For these countries a first minimal set of indicators has been collected across all risk-components. The purpose is to give rough first insights of the spread of risk over the country, but also mainly to show stakeholders what is possible. This is only the starting point. More and better data collection is to follow.

Template: For these countries only the Administrative Boundaries and the Population are included. The infrastructure is all there to start uploading risk data sets.

WHEN DID WE START

The first version of the Dashboard was created in 2016 together with  The Philippines Red Cross.

WHO WE WORK WITH

We work together with every national society of the country that the dashboard is created for.

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